What does a reverse osmosis system filter out?

The reverse osmosis method has been ruling the water treatment industry with no competition, all due to the efficiency in removing contaminants and the low cost. You can get rid of a wide range of impurities, but what does a reverse osmosis system filter out exactly?

How does reverse osmosis work?

In the natural osmosis process, the components will travel from a high-concentration area to a diluted area until an equilibrium is established.

However, in a reverse osmosis system, we have a membrane for water to pass through. The solution after will be less concentrated than the untreated solution since it contains only small particles that manage to fit the pores.

The filter for a system of this kind features a pore size of 0.0001 μm – enough to let the water molecules pass and hinder every particle that fails to fit.

What can a reverse osmosis system remove?

Based on the principle of the reverse osmosis process, we can tell that the determining factor of which impurities will be gone is not the type of contaminants they are, but the size of the particles.

Here is what you can expect from an RO system:

– Removal of contaminants

– Reduction of odors and abnormal tastes

Unfortunately, beneficial minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and more along with contaminants like arsenic, nitrates, sulfates. It is a fair exchange, for these contaminants might be very harmful to your health.

Nonetheless, the WHO has announced that water filtered by the RO system is not safe for the human body when consumed in a prolonged time. Many people might dislike the taste of RO processed water due to the absence of minerals.

What does the reverse osmosis system NOT remove?

A RO system doesn’t soften the water or remove chlorine for you hence it works most efficiently only if you have water filters with activated carbon.

Contaminants with smaller sizes than the filter pores will escape! We can enumerate some of them: herbicides, dissolved gasses, chlorine, pesticides, fungicides, and certain organic compounds.

Does reverse osmosis remove bacteria and viruses?

We are discussing tap water, which means it has been pretreated at your local plant and is considered safe in terms of microbiology. Furthermore, we can’t control the bacteria forming on the membrane and following the current into our water supply.

When it comes to removing bacteria from water, UV disinfection would be a more effective choice!

Where to install your reverse osmosis system?

Under the kitchen or bathroom sink is the most common spot to install an RO system.

You can also connect it to your refrigerator, basement, or garage for a source of clean water.

An RO system can target a certain area of the house where the water is more likely to be contaminated or salted, yet if you want to use it for the entire place, there needs to be some kind of a pump for water pressure.

Another aspect to look at the issue is the level of contaminants in your water if you need to treat water for the whole house. Hardness at high levels can cling to the membrane and sabotage its function. In this case, you will need more than RO.

Does the RO system waste much water?

In regular filters, the contaminants will be trapped in the system and the cleansed water will continue. Meanwhile, the RO system ejects contaminants in a separate stream considered wastewater and sends the filtered water to your household water supply.

How much water will go down the drain?

You will need 5 – 6 liters of water for 1 liter of filtered water. It sounds like a huge ratio but the so-called wastewater is not exactly wasted. By circulating the brine through the cycle, an RO system can efficiently maintain its inside clean.

Nevertheless, it is everyone’s responsibility to reduce the contaminants and impurities in the environment to save water as well as to keep the RO system in a prime condition.


If you live in an area where water is in shortage or you need a method to decontaminate industrial wastewater, reverse osmosis is amazingly reliable. What does a reverse osmosis system filter out? What will you receive? What shouldn’t you expect from it? Knowing the answers to these questions is the very first step for your successful investment.

How to Cut Baseboard Inside Corners With Miter Saw

Cutting the baseboard inside corners is not an easy task. You will need to have some technical knowledge to be able to do this smoothly. If you are a beginner, you should read this article best miter saw for beginners. Let’s explore the method to cut your baseboard inside corners with your miter saw.

The Guide for Cutting Baseboard Inside Corners With Miter Saw

Here are the basic steps to cut your baseboard inside corners using the miter saw:

  • Prepare necessary tools and materials
  • Sketch the cut on the first baseboard
  • Saw blade adjustment
  • Completely remove melted plastic
  • Cut your second board
  • Check the cuts

Although this project consists of only 6 steps, you really have to pay attention to each step. If you are negligent at any step, you will fail. For the rest of the article, let’s dive into each step.

Step 1: Prepare necessary tools and materials

Before doing this project, you need to prepare a few necessary tools. They are all basic tools that you can easily find.

  • Miter Saw
  • A pencil
  • A ruler
  • A Clamp
  • Protective mask
  • Goggles
  • MDF or Plastic

Step 2:  Sketch the cut on the first baseboard

To be able to make perfect cuts, you need to sketch the amount on the baseboards first.  The purpose of this step is to ease the process of making cuts.

You need to start by using a pencil to mark the exact direction of the cut on the baseboard. As a result, you will get excellent results in cutting the baseboard inside the corner.

While making sketches, you need to hold the baseboard firmly to get accurate strokes. You should also use a ruler for this step.

To be able to make perfect cuts, you need to sketch the amount on the baseboards first (link)

Step 3: Sketch the cut on the first baseboard.

After making the sketch, the next thing you need to do is set the saw to cut at the 45-degree angle.

Your task is to get this saw in the correct position. If you are careless at this step, you could damage the baseboards or create improper joints. Remember that making mismatched joints can ruin your entire project. Therefore, this step is crucial.

Step 4: Completely remove melted plastic

If you choose a plastic baseboard, melted plastic is a problem that you have to deal with. Cutting a plastic baseboard, the friction causes the plastic to melt. Melted plastic can cause joints to become mismatched. It can even cause a joint to break.

Making cuts in the baseboard can create some melted plastic on edge making. You need to remove them because it can affect the accuracy of the joints.

If you choose a plastic baseboard, melted plastic is a problem that you have to deal with (link)

Step 5: Cut your second board

After making the perfect cut on the first board, it’s time for cutting your second board. You need to move your fence 45 degrees to the opposite.

To match it to the first board at 90 degrees, you will have to make a second cut on your side’s opposite. Cutting your second board, you need to be as careful as you did with the first board.

Step 6: Check the cuts

After completing the cuts on the boards, you need to test the joint together to check the accuracy.

After positioning the baseboards to check for accuracy, you need to make sure they fit tightly together. You need to check if there is a significant gap between the boards essential.

If you get unsatisfactory results, consider doing it again. Remember to use a protective mask and goggles to protect your vision.

After completing the cuts on the boards, you need to test the joint together to check the accuracy (link)

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the common types of baseboard joints?

There are four main types of joints in baseboards:

  • Miter Joint
  • Coped Joints
  • Butt Joint
  • Scarf Joint

2. How do I fix gaps in the corners of baseboards?

You can use acrylic rubber glue to fill in the gaps.

3.Should I leave space between the baseboard and the floor?

If you plan to install the carpet later, it’s best to keep the baseboard about 1 inch from the floor. This distance is enough for cushions and rugs.

4. Should I caulk baseboards?

You should caulk at the bottom of the baseboard. The purpose of this task is to reduce potential hazards inside the wall.

Through the openings and cracks around the baseboard, it is easy for insects to penetrate the wall to build nests and live. Thus, they can damage your walls.

Final Thoughts

Above are all the basic steps to cutting baseboard with your miter saw. Overall, it is not an easy task. It’s even quite complicated for a beginner. Hopefully, our article is helpful to you.

Thank you for reading.

References:  How to Install Baseboards | how-tos – DIY Network

Tips for beginners to play table tennis well

If you are a beginner in the sport of table tennis, then some tips to be able to play better are essential for you. Here are some of our tips to help you improve your playing skills.

You can learn more about table tennis skills at Pingpongglory.com

  1. Choose a paddle that’s right for you

To play well and progress quickly for beginners, it is very important to choose a suitable paddle, to choose the right paddle you can refer to this guide about the best paddles for beginners to choose the most suitable one.

In addition, other items and tools are also quite necessary for new players, here are some necessary tools for you to play and practice table tennis.

  1. How to hold the paddle racket properly

The next thing you need to pay attention to is how to hold the racket properly and is suitable for new players. There are different ways to hold the paddle for the player, but we recommend the shakehand grip for beginners. And you have to hold the right style right from the start to avoid mistakes that are difficult to correct later.

  1. Learn to serve well

Next is learning how to serve the ball. Serving is the first thing to learn because you will often serve in a match. And a good serve will get you the fastest score.

For beginners you do not need to learn many different ways of serving, you should focus on learning a single-serve to be able to master it.

  1. Master the basic forehand and backhand shots

After you have done well at serving, the next thing is to get used to receiving the incoming opponent’s ball with two basic moves, forehand and shakehand. With these moves, it is also important moves by beginner players as well as professional players.

So with these moves, you have to practice well from the beginning as well as when you play professionally.

  1. Before playing you should warm up to avoid injury

People are often subjective in warming up before playing table tennis. But this will lead to the player may be injured during the game. So you must know the warm-up exercises for this sport before playing.

  1. Practice a lot of easy skills first

For any player when playing sports in general, a lot of practice is indispensable. No one can be good without a lot of practice. So you have to arrange a reasonable time to be able to practice as well as practice a lot with this table tennis game.

  1. Looking for a practice buddy or a club

Another and quite effective way is to find a friend to practice with or a club to exchange, learn from experience as well as practice more. You will learn a lot from those who already know how to play well. here you will get more people to teach you skills.

Further reading:


With the tips that we recommend to you, the trick that you need to pay attention to make the fastest progress is the practice tip. You should practice as much as you can to make the fastest progress. The duration can be 2-3 hours per day or more.

Wish you will make progress in learning to play table tennis and if you have any questions, please comment below so we can know and discuss.

Can All Dogs Swim? The Real Answer

Dog can’t swim? So far, you haven’t got the best answer to this question.

Well, we often hear about the swimming style, which is “ doggy paddle.” This fact makes us confused about whether all dogs have the instinctual ability to swim. So can all dogs swim? Keep scrolling through our article, and you will get the best satisfactory answer ever!

Can All Dogs Swim?

Contrary to our beliefs, the answer is no; not all dogs have the ability to swim.

An explanation for this is that each dog is different, and they are born with various habitats as well. Depending on the breed of your dog, you could determine whether dogs can’t swim or not.

We would like to divide dogs into two main types: dogs having natural swimming ability and dogs incapable of swimming.

Firstly, let’s talk about dogs with innate swimming skills. These breeds are already raised for water rescue and water activities. Honestly, we could not regard these dogs as excellent swimmers, but they are prone to enjoy the water thoroughly.

Water-loving dogs are the Retrievers and Spaniels. For example, they are the Golden Retriever or the American water spaniel, or the Portuguese Waterdog. These breeds have strong and long legs, which helps them a lot in swimming. However, some senior dogs possibly cannot swim.

Another breed of dogs is those that are unable to swim. The outstanding characteristics of this breed are that they always have large and boxy chests and shorter hind legs.

These types include Boxers, Pugs, and especially the Bulldog. Moreover, any of these breeds with a short snout face more difficulty in breathing or maintaining their airways on the water surface. Due to this factor, these breeds need special and constant supervision to avoid any risk of getting drowned.

Do Dogs Need Help When Swimming?

For dogs having no ability to swim, it is reasonable that they need special help when swimming. But it is best if we keep them away from the water. What about dogs that are already able to swim? In fact, they still need help when swimming.

Knowing how to swim does not necessarily mean that they could be fully safe under the water and keep themselves afloat when being in trouble.

Chihuahuas and the Maltese are typical examples to name. Needless to say, these small breeds can swim, but they may quickly get overwhelmed by water just after several minutes.  In this case, these dogs tend to tire themselves quickly. This makes them panic and try in vain to climb anything.

Can We Teach A Dog To Swim?

As the saying goes: “Nothing is impossible.”, No matter how much your dogs are afraid of the water, you could still teach them how to swim.

To start the swimming lessons, make sure that you have prepared a flotation device for your dog. Then you should encourage them as much as possible, just like teaching a kid.

Besides, never pull them directly into the water as your dog will panic and may feel harder to swim later on.

Another useful technique we highly recommend you is to find an already confident swimming friend for your dog. Let your dog watch his friend swimming. As a result, your dog will have more interest in swimming and especially have fun with his friend.


So can all dogs swim? With all the detailed explanations above, we bet you have got the answer. In summary, there are types of dog breed that can innate swim and those who are incapable of.

If you are still confused about whether dogs can’t swim or not, you could visit here to get more useful information.

Further reading:

How Often Should I Bathe My Dog?
Are Beagles Good Swimmers?

What Are The Best Frozen Foods To Cook In An Air Fryer?

Air fryers have been around recently due to increasing awareness of healthy food and convenient ways to process them. On one side, manufacturers of air fryers advertise that these machines can cook healthy fried foods. On the other side, studies find that air-fried foods contain less fat content compared to deep-fried foods, making foods cooked with air fryers more healthy.

This article will discuss what are the best frozen foods to cook in an air fryer? So, get yourself paper and pen and note this down.

Check other useful topics about Air Fryer

What Are The Best Frozen Foods To Cook In An Air Fryer?

Frozen Mozzarella Sticks

The first best-frozen food to cook in an air fryer is Frozen Mozzarella Sticks. To fry cheesy mozzarella sticks, preheat your air fryer at 360°F- 180°C. Then put the sticks in the basket in a single layer. Now, spray cooking oil on the sticks and let it cook for around 6 minutes. When two minutes pass by, turn the sticks on the other side and spray cooking oil again. Let the air fry do its job for another 3 to 4 minutes before taking the sticks out of the fryer and, finally, serve with your favorite sauce.

Frozen Chicken Tenders

Are you a big fan of chicken tenders? If you are, the following dish is just for you. To start, preheat the air fryer at 360°F- 180 degrees Celsius. Position your frozen chicken strips nicely layer by layer in the basket. The ideal cooking time for chicken tenders is 10 to 12 minutes, so all you need to do is wait. And while you wait, you can prepare dipping sauce for the dish.

Frozen Chicken Wings

We can not talk about yummy frozen foods without mentioning the finger-licking chicken wings. To cook this dish with an air fryer, you need to preset your air fryer to 360°F-180 degrees Celcius. The next step is to load the basket with the chicken wings.

Remember not to overload the air fryer since they will not be cooked evenly. Just like chicken tenders, it takes us 10 to 12 minutes to entirely cook the wings. The final step is to remove the food out of the tray and let it cool down for a couple of minutes. You can enjoy the food right away or add more flavor to it with some sauce.

Frozen Chicken Breasts

The last name on the chicken nominees is tender chicken breasts. To cook this dish, preheating the air fryer to 360°F is necessary before putting the seasoned chicken breast onto the basket. Let the fryer do its job for around 22-26 minutes. After a half time goes by, take the basket out, turn the chicken breasts to the other side, and place them back in the fryer. As the waiting time for this dish is pretty long, we recommend you prepare sauce during this time.

Refer to some best air fryers for rotisserie chicken

Frozen French Fries

Now, let’s talk about the most popular food cooked with air fryers- French Fries. First of all, you have to set the temperature for the air fryer at around 400°F- 200 degrees Celsius. Don’t forget to spray cooking oil on the food before frying. A key takeaway is to notice your basket capacity to put the right amount of fries. Let the fryer cook for about 15 to 20 minutes until crispy and golden. And remember to shake the fries halfway through to get the best result.

Frozen Meatball

Forgetting to defrost your meat? No worries. Here are easy steps to prepare frozen meatballs with your air fryer. To start, set the air fryer to 350° F for a couple of minutes. Then, place the meatballs onto the basket and let it cook for 11-13 minutes. Remember to joggle the basket in the between, then take out the meatballs when the food is evenly brown. Serve with your favorite seasonings.

Frozen Salmon Fillets

Yes, you do not misread. You can even prepare delicious salmon fillets with the help of your air fryer. It is as simple as taking the fillets out of their package and putting them in the basket. The following step is to set the machine at 320°F and cook the fillets for 5 minutes. Now, it would be best to spend another 5 minutes cooking the food at 360°F. But before that, flipping the fillets between the two times of setting temperature is necessary for even cooked fillets.

Frozen Egg Rolls

Are you a fan of egg rolls? Here is how to make perfect egg rolls with just an air fryer. Firstly, let’s break and beat an egg in a bowl. Next, position 2-3 egg rolls in the air fryer and brush them with the beaten egg. Now is the time for the machine to cook, say seven minutes at around 320°F, then turn the egg rolls side by side and coat the other side with the egg. Fry for another 5 minutes until the food is crispy and golden. After that, take it out and let it cool down.

Frozen Veggie Burgers

Finally, frozen veggie burgers are on our pick list for air fryers. To cook this dish, you need to fry the burgers at 350°F. Let it be for about 5 minutes, then open the basket and turn the patties over. Another five minutes is needed until the cooking process is complete. The final step is to take the burgers out and serve them with your favorite toppings.

The Final Verdict

Hopefully, this writing has helped you with the top list for “What are the best-frozen foods to cook in an air fryer?”. There are still a lot of recipes for air fryers out there for you to discover.

Happy Cooking!

3 Recommendation For What Tattoo Machines Do Professionals Use?

In order to successfully create high-quality artwork, there are required technical elements as well as specialized equipment. Therefore, a good tattoo machine is very important for a tattoo artist. If you are looking to answer the question “What tattoo machines do professionals use?” This post is for you! Today we will introduce you to the top 3 best tattoo sprayer products on the market. Scroll down!

What Tattoo Machines Do Professionals Use?

You want to choose the best tattoo pen for yourself to create perfect artwork, but you are confused about which product to buy as there are many different models on the market? Here is a list of three highly recommend tattoo machines for youtube choose:

Rotary Pen Machine by Mast

In fact, because of the nature of their work, tattoo artists change their work locations frequently, so they need a device that can be easily carried. Then the Rotary pen will be the best choice because you can easily carry it anywhere due to its small size.

This machine creates a faster tattoo completion time than similar machines. Even though the machine works with high capacity, it does not generate loud noise that will create comfort for the client and make them feel the needleless movement on the skin.

Moreover, you can optionally adjust the needle from 3.5 mm to 2.5 mm. The needle depth reaches a maximum of 4.0 mm, customize the needle and create the perfect depth based on the client’s skin type. This versatile feature will be an outstanding point for the machine.


  • Various sizes of needles
  • Weak vibration and no noise
  • Use powerful engine
  • Aluminum body material, quick cooling
  • No fatigue when you work long hours


  • Easy to lose ink cartridge
  • The difficult-to-control needle

Cheyenne Hawk Pen by Cheyenne Tattoo

Cheyenne Hawk Pen is a high-end machine from Germany, favored by many tattooists. It is compactly designed and lightweight, along with excellent features, appreciated by professionals. In addition, the machine has high performance and frequency with very low vibration and volume.

One subtle advantage of the machine is that you can adjust and change the needle length by turning the handle. With a 3.5mm ink stroke, you can use the Hawk Pen to perform everything from polishing to smooth lines. Besides, the depth of the needle can be easily adjusted from 0mm – 4.0mm. The Cheyenne Hawk pen also has high aesthetics and an easy cleaning surface.


  • Lightweight, about 130g
  • Material Anodised aluminum
  • High precision and omnidirectional needle
  • Easy to use and comfortable
  • Safe removable accessories
  • Changeable handle
  • Perfect for a professional professional


  • Short warranty period

Tattoo Machine by Jconly

Tattoo Pen Kit, a perfect product for both beginners or experts in tattooing. It is an affordable and versatile tattoo machine that can provide you with many features to create art.

The machine is light, small, and easy to carry around. Despite the powerful performance, when operating, the machine is very quiet.

In addition, this device can be used to perform all kinds of cosmetic procedures besides tattooing on the body.


  • Powerful power, high-quality motor
  • Stable configuration
  •  Very low noise
  • Stainless steel cartridge material
  • Small size, fits the palm of your hand


  • Easy to faded ink color


Hopefully, you now have the answer to the question “What tattoo machines do professionals use?” through this review. Whether you are a novice or a tattoo expert, one of the above products will help you improve and perform your skills in the best way. Be mindful that you have to check the expert’s review before making the final decision!

What To Eat Before Boxing – Be Ready For Your Fight

Boxing is a sport that requires strong movement on all body muscle groups with the best boxing gloves for a heavy bag so it is not advisable to go to exercise with an empty stomach.

However, eating foods high in fat can be counterproductive. So what to eat before boxing to provide your body with enough energy for strong exercise? Prepare yourself with a pen and notepad if you can not remember all the details of the content. Now let’s start!

What To Eat Before Boxing

A lot of calories in your body get burned when boxing, so you’d better eat foods with various energy. In particular, there are:

#1. Banana

Bananas are carbohydrate-rich fruit. They are very good for digestion and can provide a lot of energy for the practitioner’s body.

In addition, bananas are also rich in potassium, which is able to maintain the function of neurons and muscles. As the human body does not store potassium for too long, you should eat 1-2 bananas and eat a jar of yogurt about 45 minutes before exercise. It will help you add more potassium.

Another way to eat bananas is to combine them with yogurt; this combination will provide your body with enough carbohydrates and protein.

#2. Oat

Oats are a rich source of fiber, releasing many carbohydrates into the blood and bringing a lot of energy to the body during activity.

Furthermore, oats also contain B vitamins that help convert carbohydrates into energy. You can eat some oats combined with milk 45 minutes before exercise.

#3. Fruit Smoothie

Fruit smoothies are also a good choice because of their high carbohydrate content and high protein content. Try making a mixture of low-fat yogurt, 1/2 cup of fruit, and 1 cup of juice. Then enjoy the effect of this food.

In fact, people often skip fruit and other foods that are high in carbohydrates and use more protein-containing snacks. But you need to understand that protein takes a long time to convert into energy, while carbohydrates from fruits are quickly converted into energy to promptly supply the body.

Above are recommended foods to eat 45-60 minutes before participating in a workout. In addition, when eating before going to the gym, you need to note a few points:

  • Do not eat too much food such as toast, cheese, butter, and other things that contain a lot of fat before exercise. To be more specific, the fat in these foods is very indigestible, making you feel full for longer and feel sluggish during exercise.
  • It is recommended to eat 40 to 60 minutes before exercise, and eating too much before exercise can lead to digestive problems, sluggishness, nausea, or even vomiting during exercise.

Last Words

Every person’s physique is unique; what is effective for one individual may not be effective. However, there are two things that you must keep in mind: Do not eat too much food before exercise and try to avoid eating processed junk items before or after your workout. Do you find this post on “What to eat before boxing?” useful for your reference? Leave a comment if you have any other interesting things related to the topic and want to share them with us.

Tips for using hot tubs in cold climate

It’s winter outside?

If you decide to drain your hot tub and set it to the “hibernation mode”, this post is not ideal for you. If soaking in hot water is still enjoyable to you, keep on reading as we will be giving you some useful tips for using hot tubs in winter, especially outdoor ones. These tips will help to keep your equipment in good working condition for many years to come.

Get a good cover

If you have already had the best hot tub designed for cold winter, investment in a good cover is a wise choice.

Not only can a cover prevent debris and leaves from falling in, but it also keeps cold air out, which can hardly be done by an old cover.

A good cover acts like a lid that keeps the heat locked inside the hot tub. In hot weather, water evaporates quickly, leading to more heat loss. In cold winter, the cold air out makes heat loss more serious, and the heater might have to work overtime.

When you choose a cover, keep in mind that it must be waterproof, and snuggly fit to create a tight seal. It would be better if featured a thick layer of insulation to better prevent heat loss.

Keep the water clean

Keeping the hot tub water clean in winter is necessary as you will have fewer chances to drain and refill it than in summer.

The best method is to require a quick rinse before entering, of course for everyone including you. Besides, remind them to keep out of lotions, soap residues before using the hot tub.

Set a wise soaking time

When the weather is terrific, you tend to enjoy an extra-long soak. A rule of thumb is that spending 20 minutes in a hot tub is enough. A longer soak might cause negative effects on your skin.

Monitor the water level

In winter, water in your jacuzzi evaporates more quickly than it does in summer. If the water level drops lower than the skimmer level, the circulation might stop.

Hence, keep an eye on this and make sure that the circulation always works properly. You can set the reminder to check the water level once every few days or right after one’s soaking.


Above are some tips for using hot tubs in cold weather. Soaking in winter is fun and worth trying with your friends. Let me know if you have more tips to share!

Things to bring when traveling with your baby

Having a baby does not mean you have no time to go out and see the world. In contrast, traveling with a baby can give you a greater experience.

However, when it comes to choosing what to bring along during the trip for the first time, you could get confused even when you are seasoned travelers. Don’t worry! This would be no more a daunting task after you read the following list of travel essentials when you take your baby along.

7 must-have items for traveling with your baby


It is no doubt that diapers top the list of the most essential baby travel item. It’s advised that you should carry one for each hour that you would be traveling, and some more as a back-up.


You will need tons and tons of these for every foreseeable scenario that you can think of, such as feeding, changing diapers, drooling, etc. It should always be a priority to keep your baby and things hygienic and clean, no matter what.

The sunscreen

It’s hard to always keep your baby in the shade when traveling and the delicate skin of your baby is very likely to be exposed to the harmful UV rays in the sun. So, a suitable baby sunscreen will help you solve this problem.

However, it’s vital that you choose a natural sunscreen without containing harmful chemicals.


A pacifier your baby loves can be a lifesaver and can’t be easily found in a baby store.

You should pack about 5-7 pacifiers, so if your baby drops one on the floor or you can’t find one, you can just take out another one from your bag.

The bottle warmer

Whether you’re bottle-feeding with formula or breastmilk, you need to warm it before feeding your baby. And a bottle warmer will come in handy when there are no electronic sources around you.

You should choose one that allows you to set the suitable temperature and does not leave dangerous chemicals.

A carrier

Another important item is a baby carrier because it helps to keep your baby close to you and safe while allowing you to walk hands-free to move your luggage, eat, sleep without worrying about dropping your baby.

You should invest time to choose a good baby carrier to save yourself from buying a new one later on, or if you have another baby.  For example, you can choose one that can be used as either a front carrier and a  back carrier. Another important factor for a good carrier is that it has to be breathable and can keep your baby in multiple carry positions.

Travel cribs

Apart from being a place to rest, travel cribs, also known as portable cribs for grandmas’ house, are also a safe place for your baby to play, especially when you’re away from home. It helps keep your baby away from all kinds of bugs, sharp table corners, and electrical sockets.

It is important that you choose a crib that is lightweight, compact, easy to carry, and easy to set up. If you are so confused about what crib is safe to choose, just pick one from the best crib brands, such as DaVinci, Babyletto, Dream On Me, and so on. 

Last words,

There are tons of helpful items that can help you take care of your baby and it is impossible for you to take all of them along with you while traveling. However, the above checklist contains the most useful items that you should not leave off your suitcase when preparing for traveling with your baby.

How To Iron Fabric For Quilting – A Step By Step Guideline

As a new quilter, you may be confused about “How To Iron Fabric For Quilting”. To create a nice quilt pattern and an attractive look, iron fabric for quilting is an essential step. So, in this process, what should you start with? This post will share a step-by-step guideline to help you get a perfect quilting fabric ironed.

How To Iron Fabric For Quilting

Step 1: Pre-wash The Fabric

Our advice for the first step is pre-washing the fabric. In fact, quilting fabric is coated with starch, chemicals, which give it a crisp look.

In the manufacturing process of fabric, threads are stretched on a loom. It results in pulling fiber into an unnaturally straight position. Coating processing is another step to keep it stable and taut. So, pre-washing is likely a way to make coated threads relax and return to their right position. Pre-washing would act as a protector to prevent shrinkage later on.

Additionally, if your fabric quilting is covered by formaldehyde, pre-washing the fabric is the must-do step to protect your respiratory system.

You should wash the fabric in cool water with a small amount of bleach-free detergent. It will be dried at low heat temperature and removed from the dryer as soon as it is dry.

Pre-washing isn’t a must-step before ironing for quilting. Dyes could be lost in the first wash, especially with red, purple, and some vivid color. Bleeding dyes can stain other sections of fabric in the pre-wash or transfer dyes onto patches in a finished quilt. So normally, you should test bleeding first or use spray starch instead of pre-washing to avoid bleeding dyes.

Step 2: Test The Iron For Heat

After selecting the right setting for your best quilting iron, you’d better check the proper heat temperature. If it leaves marks after ironing, you should adjust the lower temperature. Continue checking until you get the best temperature.

Step 3: Using Steam

Steam particularly works for deep wrinkles and thick seam allowances. If you want to press the open seams, using steam is extremely useful. You can use a steam function available in steam irons or a spray bottle. Remember that you will only use clean water to soften the fabric. Using a water-containing fabric softener or scented water might make the fabric stain.

Spray a little water and wait a few seconds for the fabric to soften, then use the point of the iron to go along the seam line and press it flat. Most of the time, you should press the wrong side of the fabric for its color-protecting.

Step 4: Flip The Fabric Over

Flipping the fabric over is a good way to protect your fabric from being burned. So, don’t forget!

Step 5: Press From The Back With A Hot Dry Iron

Layout the fabric on the iron board or on the flat surface and press seams from the back. There are five types of pressing the seams as below:

Press the straight seam

Press along the edge of grain fabric and move the tip of iron from the lighter color piece to the darker ones. It helps eliminate puckers into the fabric.

Press the bias seam

Press the iron under a 45-degree angle to the seam and along the grain fabric to minimize distortion.

Press opposite seam

If you are pressing many blocks made up of adjoining rows, let’s press seams in the opposite directions. In the odd rows, press the seam from the right over the left. Then, in the even row, you press the seam from leftover to the right.

Finger pressing

Start from the wrong side, press your finger along the seam allowances. Then, turn to the right side and press again along with them. Finger pressing is a good way to test which way seams need to be pressed.

Press seam open

You will also start from the wrong side then use your finger to open the seam ahead of the iron moving.


Through the five steps as above, we believe that the question ‘How To Iron Fabric For Quilting’’ will no longer bother you. You are confident of getting a perfect quilting fabric ironed. If you have any better experiences, please share them with us.

Thank you for reading!

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